With growth in awareness of what the IoT and IIoT (Internet of Things and Industrial Internet of Things, respectively) are, equally there has been a growth in businesses looking to understand how they can benefit from IIoT devices.
IIoT is the popular term given to devices that connect a user with something else via an internet connection. Think of your FitBit, a consumer device, but within a work setting where it monitors something like the temperature of the server room instead of your heart rate. Corporations are guessing at the potential value of the IIoT to economies with some suggesting that it could be worth $100 Billion by 2020 (Morgan Stanley) while another, Accenture, has estimated $14 Trillion. Statista believes that by 2020 there will be 31 Billion IIoT devices with this number set to double in the following 4 years. However it is looked at, the expected growth of IIoT devices is substantial.
Within the standard business, the IIoT is already being transformational. Deliveries are being tracked real time, stock levels controlled on a just-in-time basis, remote sales teams engaging with customers and head office simultaneously, and the environmental conditions of remote locations being controlled all because of IIoT devices. This is an area of significant growth that is occurring now; businesses using IIoT principles to improve business performance.
BitBox is leading the design and manufacture of industrial electronics for use in business environments.
One challenge that we come across frequently is the need for IIoT devices to transmit data across large distances, such as sensors that monitor performance and health of equipment. It is often assumed that WiFi connectivity is needed.
Where devices are in remote locations, it can be desirable to have battery powered sensors, inevitably with the desire that the battery lasts for years. This is an unlikely challenge to achieve as WiFi requires significant battery use. Therefore, WiFi is not always the right answer to connect remote sensors; it has limited transmission distance and will significantly drain a battery.
This is where sub-gigahertz Low Power Radio (LPR) devices come to the fore. These enable low-cost, long range connectivity for relatively small amounts of data - ideal for sensors. A central gateway provides the connectivity to the internet or Cloud by WiFi, Ethernet or 3G/4G. This is often referred to as a Wide Area Network (WAN). Applications using this structure are ideal for implementing IIoT / Machine 2 Machine (M2M) devices for Industrial purposes.
There are several competing low power radio implementations to create a nationwide Wide Area Network, or WAN. Two main drivers are the LoRA alliance and SigFox, each trying to become established as the de-facto standard internationally. It is possible that one of these will become dominant in offering a national service.
To expand a WAN it is possible to use LPR to create a Mesh network where nodes receive and re-transmit data. In this way a transmitter can send data to a receiver by passing through a network of nodes in situations where the receiver is too far away from the transmitter.
LPR devices can be used for a number of applications, including:
Monitoring of lighting in communal accommodation or street lighting to report faults
Control of lighting to manage costs without compromising safety
Monitoring of power consumption by data centre servers
Monitoring and controlling industrial heating systems
Monitoring air temperature and humidity
Monitoring of water for leak detection
Monitoring of pressure (this has a range of applications from fire extinguisher systems to system health monitoring)
Monitoring of stock or items stored at specific temperatures.
These IIoT devices, among many, are examples of industrial control systems that have been delivered by BitBox's electronics design and manufacturing team. With this demonstrable experience, BitBox's customers benefit from a range of low power sensors using Low Power Radio to connect users with critical business data.
If you have a need for delivering business improvement through the adoption of IIoT devices, get in touch! Our service to you is to help take the seed of an idea and turn it in to a solution that allows you to connect with the things that are important to you. Email our IIoT specialists.